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Over a period of three and a half centuries, 15 million black people were snatched from Africa and subjected to slavery in American plantations.
Route des abolitions - ©CRT de Franche-Comté
Launched in 2004, the road to abolition of the slave trade traces the fight against this form of slavery, led by Abbé Grégoire, Toussaint Louverture, Anne-Marie Javouhey, Victor Schoelcher and the anonymous of Champagney.
It forms part of the international “Slave Route” project supported by UNESCO and is intended to be a continuation of the law of 10 May 2001 which recognised the black slave trade as a crime against humanity.
The road to abolition comprises five sites spread out over East France. Two of them are found in Franche-Comté:
- The Fort de Joux (Doubs) where Toussaint Louverture, leader of the Saint-Domingue revolution, was incarcerated.
- The Maison de la Négritude et des Droits de l’Homme (the House of Black Culture and Human Rights) in Champagney (Haute-Saône) where, in 1789, the village’s inhabitants condemned the enslavement of black people in article 29 of their list of grievances.